List of the earliest Arabic newspapers set up by the early Arab immigrants: The language of these early newspapers published from the 1890s to the end of World War I was Arabic and showed the persistent cultural links between the immigrants and their country of origin. These newspapers positioned themselves as guideposts for the immigrant community in America. They instructed their readership on how to become “modern” and fit in the ways of the West. They also covered much information about the countries of origin and the Ottoman Empire generally.
Kawkab Amrika (Planet America): The first Arabic-language newspaper published in the United States in 1892. It had some 30,000 copies per issue, selling in both the US and the Ottoman Empire. The news represented the view of Orthodox Lebanese Christians. Pro-Ottoman newspaper.
Al-Bayan (al-Bayan): Set by the Druzes.
Al-Ayaam (al-Ayyam): Vehemently opposed the Ottoman Empire.
Al-Musheer (al-Mushir): opposes the Ottoman Empire.
Al-Hoda (al-Huda): centrist newspaper edited by Naoum Mukarzel and set up by and for the Maronites. Its position is midway between total support and total rejection of the Ottoman Empire.
Mira’at ul-Gharb (Mirror of the West): centrist newspaper edited by Najib Diyab, midway between total support and total rejection of the Ottoman Empire.
Image map of US with linking pages to newspaper listings.